Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez (right) and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos (left).
Latin America: Week in Review, Venezuela

Chávez Withdraws Venezuela From Andean Trade Pact; Blames Colombia & Peru Free Trade Agreement With U.S.

April 22, 2011 By Staff

Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez (right) and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos (left).

Today in Latin America

Top StoryVenezuela will withdraw its membership from the Andean Community of Nations trade pact today, due to Colombia and Peru signing free trade agreements with the U.S. in 2006. Chávez said US trade deals with Colombia and Peru had killed off the Andean trading community.

Venezuela has been a member of the Andean trade community for 38 years and announced its departure five years ago due the trade bloc’s requirements.

Although Chávez has signed new commercial agreements with the governments of Ecuador and Bolivia over the past month, he has yet to negotiate long-term deals with Peru or Colombia, the other two members states of the trade body.

To ease the transition, Venezuelan officials will extend current trade rules with Colombia and Peru for at least three months.

The expected departure has generated uncertainty amongst trade specialists in the region regarding the future of international commerce among Andean nations, which totaled about $7 billion last year.

“We’re leaving a framework that’s advanced, with rules … and we’re going to something that we don’t know what it’s going to be,” Said Luís Alberto Russián, president of the Venezuela-Colombia business chamber, according to The Washington Post. “The uncertainty affects confidence.”

But Adalid Contreras, the Secretary General of the trading body, does not think Venezuela’s move will greatly impact regional trade. Instead, Contreras invited the remaining member states to negotiate bilateral deals with Venezuela, El Universal reported.

In recent years, Chávez has championed a “Bolivarian” alternative for regional trade known as the Bolivarian Alliance for the People of Our America (ALBA, in Spanish) which was created by the governments of Cuba and Venezuela in 2004. It now counts six more member states including Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and several small island states in the Caribbean.

Headlines from the Western Hemisphere

North America


  • A Cuban opposition group whose members are wives and relatives of jailed dissidents received a major human rights award Thursday from the U.S. State Department.
  • Haitian President-elect Michel Martelly told the world through Twitter Thursday the final election results confirmed he was elected president in a landslide.
  • Chinese President Hu Jintao sent a message to Fidel Castro expressing his admiration and respect for the former leader after the 6th Cuban Communist Party Congress, and he offered Havana Beijing’s help on the “road of socialist development.”

Central America


Southern Cone

Image: Globovisión @ Flickr.

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[…] Bolivarian Alliance (ALBA) group that includes Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua among other nations. Venezuela formally withdrew from the Andean Community of Nations trade pact last week, citing opposition to Peru and […]

[…] to Europe in exile, Chávez has dismissed this evidence as a cover up.  Venezuela and Colombia are already not on the best of terms, especially given Colombia’s close ties to the U.S. Chávez’s accusatory rhetoric serves only […]

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